The facial cosmetic surgery concerns several interventions:
The cervicofacial lifting makes it possible to improve the disorders caused in a localized manner, or more extensively.
This is a surgical correction that aims to treat the sagging of the skin and the muscles of the face (temples and eyebrows, cheeks, jowls) and of the neck but also the insufficiency or excess fatty tissue. The purpose of such an intervention is not to change the shape or appearance of the face. On the contrary, the simple restoration of the various anatomical structures of the face and neck (skin, muscle, and fat) allows the patient to find the aspect that was his hers a few years ago.
The temporal lifting helps to improve the stigmata of the aging of the temple area. This region is located between the frontal and cervico-facial regions that can also benefit from a facelifting. The temporal lifting that can be performed in isolation is, in practice, often associated with eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty).
This procedure makes it possible to treat the sagging of the lateral part of the eyebrow, to unfold the crow’s feet and to slightly tension the skin of the outer part of the eyelids.
It is not intended to change the features but to replace the anatomical structures, especially the tail of the eyebrow in the initial position.
“Blepharoplasty” refers to cosmetic surgery procedures of eyelids that aim to remove some disgrace. They may concern only the two upper or lower eyelids, or the four eyelids at a time.
A blepharoplasty can be performed in isolation or be associated with another procedure of facial cosmetic surgery.
The most common disasters are:
• Heavy, drooping upper eyelids with excess skin.
• Lower eyelids sagging and wilting with small horizontal wrinkles.
• Fat hernias responsible for “bags under the eyes”.
The intervention aims to correct these disgraces in a sustainable way, by surgically removing excess skin and muscle and greasy protrusions, and naturally preserving the essential functions of the eyelids.
Many other alterations may be present, such as sagging forehead, falling eyebrows, “lion” wrinkles between the eyebrows, “crow’s feet” wrinkles at the corner of the eyes, “hollow” eyes , “sad” eyes with falling eye corners, small surface imperfections of the skin (superficial wrinkles, scars, spots …)
Their treatment will use complementary processes such as injections, lipostructure or autologous adipocytes, the frontal or temporal lifting, a canthoplasty …
The term “rhinoplasty” refers to the modification of the morphology of the nose, for the purpose of aesthetic and functional improvement.
The intervention aims to specifically correct the disgrace present, whether congenital, following a trauma, or others.
The process is, through incisions hidden in the nostrils, to reshape the bone and cartilage that constitute the solid infrastructure of the nose and give it its particular shape. The skin covering the nose will have to be readjusted thanks to its elasticity on this osteocartilaginous framework which has been modified. We understand then that a rhinoplasty usually does not leave or may exceptionally leave a very little visible scar on the skin.
When a nasal obstruction interferes with breathing, it can be treated at the same time.
The intervention, performed in both women and men, can be performed as soon as the growth is over, that is to say from about 16 years of age.
A rhinoplasty can be performed in isolation or be associated, if necessary, with other complementary actions.
In rare cases, an improvement of the morphology of the nose can be obtained by non-surgical techniques such as injections of hyaluronic acid that your surgeon will suggest if this solution is possible in your particular case
Genioplasty or mentoplasty is an intervention that aims to change the shape of the chin and possibly a functional improvement (breathing, labial strap). It can be performed by osteotomy (bone section), grafting or placement of an implant.
This intervention at the chin level is sometimes associated with jaw surgery (maxillary and / or mandibular osteotomy) or rhinoplasty in the context of a profiloplasty. The goal is to achieve a natural-looking chin that harmonizes with other facial features, appropriate to the psychology and personality of the patient and responding to his requests.
The correction of detached ears requires a surgery called “otoplasty”, to remodel the pavilions deemed excessively visible.
The operation is usually performed on both ears, but can sometimes be unilateral.
An otoplasty aims to correct the cartilage abnormalities present at the level of the ear and responsible for its appearance “off”.
There are three types of malformations that are often more or less associated with each other:
1: Excessive angulation between the ears and the skull that results into a real “detachment”
2: Excessive cartilage size of the conch projecting the ear forward, which accentuates the detached appearance
3: A defect of plication of the usual reliefs of the cartilage which gives the pavilion of the ear a smooth aspect, like “unfolded”
An otoplasty can be performed in adults or adolescents, but most of the time the correction is considered from childhood where it can be performed from the age of 7 years.
For better results of a rhinoplasty, it is sometimes necessary to associate this intervention with another cosmetic surgery: genioplasty. This is a chin surgery. In some cases, it will also be necessary to intervene on the cheekbones and on the forehead. Generally, these complementary surgeries are decided during the appointment that precedes a rhinoplasty. During the computer simulation of the results of the rhinoplasty, it will appear that the results expected by the patient cannot be obtained in absence of interventions on other areas of the face.
This intervention at the chin level is sometimes associated with jaw surgery (maxillary and / or mandibular osteotomy) or rhinoplasty in the context of a profiloplasty. The goal is to achieve a natural-looking chin that harmonizes with other facial features, appropriate to the psychology and personality of the patient and responding to the patient’s requests.
Profiloplasty: what is it?
As its name suggests, the profiloplasty is a cosmetic surgery intervention to correct the profile of the patient. The face is marked by a certain dependence between the different areas that compose it. This type of surgery aims to restore harmony within the face and thus correct the aesthetic defects complained by the patient. However, the patient is not always aware of it. Generally, he is focused on a defect, usually his nose and does not realize that the perception he has of it also depends on his chin, his forehead or his cheekbones.
Most often, Profiloplasty combines rhinoplasty and genioplasty. Chin surgery is either progenic when the chin is projected too far forward, or retrogenous when it is fleeing. In the first case, the cosmetic surgeon will perform a bone cutting. In the second, the practitioner will apply an implant or perform a transplant.